The main objective of the Energy Union governance mechanism is to enable the achievement of the objectives of the Energy Union.
In 2018, negotiations on the so-called trilogy on the final provisions of the Winter Package, which are of fundamental importance for the functioning of the energy sector, were completed. In particular, it should be noted that during the negotiations on the Regulation of the European Parliament on the internal energy market, the lack of support from national power markets for generating units not meeting the so-called standard of 550 gr CO2/ kWh emissions was established. However, as part of the compromise sought by the Polish delegation, it was agreed that units emitting more than 550g CO2/kWh, which concluded power contracts as part of the main auctions finally resolved by 31 December 2019, may receive remuneration for the performance of the power obligation for the entire period for which support was obtained from the power market. This is a very important compromise in view of the fact that the power market is a state aid instrument which required the approval of the European Commission and must function in accordance with the regulations of the internal market of the European Union.
Moreover, in the course of trilogues, the EU RES Directive set the EU RES 2030 target of 32% in gross final energy consumption and the possibility of support for new biomass units with a capacity above 100 MW in the event of achieving electricity efficiency at the level of 36% and the Energy Efficiency Directive set the reduction of energy consumption in the EU by 32.5% by 2030.
The Energy Union Management Regulation (Governance) introduced the obligation to draw up a National Energy and Climate Plan as part of the implementation of the Energy Union, covering five dimensions: energy security, internal energy market, energy efficiency, decarbonisation, research, innovation and competitiveness.
The main objective of the Energy Union governance mechanism is to enable the achievement of the objectives of the Energy Union, in particular the objectives of the climate and energy policy framework by 2030 in terms of greenhouse gas emission reduction, renewable energy and energy efficiency.